International Journal of Academic Research and Development

International Journal of Academic Research and Development


International Journal of Academic Research and Development
International Journal of Academic Research and Development
Vol. 7, Issue 5 (2022)

Relationship between teacher affection and students’ academic adjustment in public boarding secondary schools in Nairobi County, Kenya


Keino Kangogo Josephine, Stephen Mbugua Ngari, James Mwaura Kimani

Student adjustment in school is a major predictor of their successful academic and psychosocial preparedness to school life and its demands. However, there is a high frequency of pupils who exhibit rebellion against rules, truancy as well as delinquent tendencies which are a manifestation of maladjustment despite guidance and counselling programs in schools. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between teacher affection and students’ academic adjustment in public boarding secondary schools in Nairobi City County, Kenya. The study adopted Ex post facto research design. To gather data, a developed questionnaire was administered to secondary school students in Form one and two who at this time are in the process of adjusting to school. To get a general understanding of student school adjustment, 24 class teachers were interviewed. The study was guided by Bronfenbrenner’s Bio ecological systems theory, Ceci, and Connell’s Self-Determination theories. The target population was 7,123 students. Stratified random sampling was used to obtain a sample of 692, among them were 335 boys and 357 girls. To ensure validity, the researcher sought the expert opinion of her supervisors who checked the face and content validity against the stated objectives. Reliability of instruments was established by use of Cronbach Alpha and a reliability coefficient of 0.7 or higher was considered acceptable. Student questionnaire was administered by the researcher with the help of class teachers of the six sampled schools. The interview schedule was administered personally by the researcher. The collected data was then organized and summarized by use of descriptive statistics and analyzed by use of statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) computer programme version 21.0 and presented in percentages, means, in tables and figures. Pearson Product Moment Correlation coefficient was used to determine the relationship between variables and a significance level of 0.05 was used to test the null hypothesis. Data from interviews was analyzed based on emerging themes and reported in a narrative form. The study found that adjustment to boarding school is a challenge to form one and form two students. The findings may be used to improve student adjustment in public boarding secondary schools. It may also form a base for further research on affective teacher-student relationship.
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How to cite this article:
Keino Kangogo Josephine, Stephen Mbugua Ngari, James Mwaura Kimani. Relationship between teacher affection and students’ academic adjustment in public boarding secondary schools in Nairobi County, Kenya. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 7, Issue 5, 2022, Pages 8-12
International Journal of Academic Research and Development International Journal of Academic Research and Development