International Journal of Academic Research and Development

International Journal of Academic Research and Development


International Journal of Academic Research and Development
International Journal of Academic Research and Development
Vol. 7, Issue 3 (2022)

Maternal factors associated with preterm births at Thika level 5, Kiambu County, Kenya


Melanie Awino Abongo, Jane Karonjo

Background: Preterm birth is one of the leading causes of neonatal mortality it contributes to 60-80 per cent of all neonatal deaths. The causes of preterm birth are unknown in over 50% of spontaneous preterm labour, and mechanisms of preterm labour remain poorly understood. The main objective of the study was to determine the factors associated with birth outcomes among post-natal mothers; secondarily to assess the sociodemographic factors, health seeking behaviours and obstetric factors associated with mothers who had preterm births. Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Quantitative approach was used in collection of data using structured interviewer administered questionnaire. Simple random sampling technique was used to sample the participants; and analysis performed using STATA. Results: Chi square test of independence revealed that the iron and folic acid supplementation (IFAS) in pregnancy (p=0.035) and number of antenatal visits (p=0.001) were the significant factors associated with preterm births. Bivariate logistic regression was used to determine the factors independently associated with preterm births; only age was a significant determinant of birth outcomes p =0.005, OR=3.132(95%CI; 1.405,6.984) Conclusions: Maternal age, IFAS supplements and antenatal visits are significant factors associated with preterm births.
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How to cite this article:
Melanie Awino Abongo, Jane Karonjo. Maternal factors associated with preterm births at Thika level 5, Kiambu County, Kenya. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 7, Issue 3, 2022, Pages 34-41
International Journal of Academic Research and Development International Journal of Academic Research and Development