Spatial mapping of physical accessibility to Hospitals: A case study in sarawak, Malaysia
Mohd Hazrin Hasim, Faizul Akmal Rahim, Farihan Yatim, Amierul Fikri, Hatta Mutalib
Access to healthcare is an important component of an overall health system and has a direct impact on the burden of diseases. This study focused on determining accessibility of hospitals in Sarawak by using Geographic Information System (GIS) and network analysis. Data related to healthcare facilities were gathered from the Health Information Center, Ministry of Health Malaysia. Spatial coverage for each hospital with specified amount of time to access were determined by calculating service areas and applied together with network analysis in the GIS environment. The results indicated that only 6.4% of Sarawakians could reach a public hospital within 15 minutes by driving, 12.3% and 39.6% within 30 and 60 minutes respectively. Meanwhile, to access a private hospital, 9.1% of Sarawakians could reach within 15 minutes, 27.1% and 38.8% within 30 and 60 minutes. In addition, 14.5% of Sarawakians could reach any hospital in Sarawak within 15 minutes, 32.0% and 46.1% within 30 and 60 minutes. The analysis of accessibility to hospitals in the state of Sarawak was based on GIS network analyst methods. The analyses were able to identify the best route and closest hospital to access during healthcare emergency. Therefore the findings of this study could assist healthcare policy makers and planners to understand the existing health care system of Sarawak and to identify medically underserved areas.
Mohd Hazrin Hasim, Faizul Akmal Rahim, Farihan Yatim, Amierul Fikri, Hatta Mutalib. Spatial mapping of physical accessibility to Hospitals: A case study in sarawak, Malaysia. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 7, Issue 2, 2022, Pages 1-5