Challenges affecting primary schools in the implementation of the production unit policy: a case of selected schools in Lusaka district-Zambia
Maurice Moono, Julia Matimba, Likando Simamuna Mubita, Christine Chongo, Chisha Mubanga, Mwizukanji Sinkala, Edith Habwanda
The study aimed at establishing the challenges of implementing the production unit policy in primary schools in schools in Lusakaprovince. The objectives of the study were to; establish production unit activities in primary schools and to determine the challenges of implementing the production unit policy in primary schools in Lusakaprovince. A descriptive survey was used in conducting this research. The study used both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection. The sample consisted 92 respondents: 50 female teachers and 42 male teachers, in selecting the participants, simple random sampling technique was used. The study employed the questionnaire and focus group discussion to ensure validity of the findings. The quantitative data was analyzed using the statistical package for social sciences computer software while the qualitative data was analyzed by coding and grouping the emerging themes. The study has revealed that production unit has equipped teachers and pupils with entrepreneurship skills. This is evident from 60.9% of teachers who said that production unit has equipped them with entrepreneurship skills. Further, the study has shown that 62.8% of the respondents indicated that production unit has made their schools financially independent. It has also emerged from the study that the most common production unit activity in primary schools is chicken rearing as evident from 47% of respondents who indicated that their schools rear chickens, the least production unit activity is fish farming, only 11.8% of the respondents indicated that their schools are engaged in fish farming. Arising from the findings of the study, the following recommendations are made; 1. Production unit activities must be regularly supervised by DEBS office to ensure that primary schools implement the production unit policy.