An evaluation of government schemes for the development of women and children (A case study of selected villages in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh)
K Madhavi, M Trimurthi Rao
The present paper refers to the various government schemes for the development of women and children in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh. The main objective of this paper is impact of Government Programmes related to women and children in controlling child mal-nutrition and health improvement among women and children in selected area. As per Census 2011, India, with a population of 121.1 Cr, has 16.45 Cr children in the age group 0-6 years and 37.24 Cr in the age group 0-14 years which constitute 13.59% and 30.76% of the total population respectively. These conditions include poverty, poor environment sanitation, disease, infection, and inadequate access to primary health care, inappropriate child caring and feeding, practices. The present study proposed to analyze the working of Anganwadi Centres and the way how they are providing the facilities to women and children. Also wish to study the programmes of ICDS in controlling and child mal-nutrition and encouraging pre-school education of 0-6 years children of selected villages of Mangalagiri and Pedakakani Zone of Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh. The present study describes the propose ways by which the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) for women and child development services can last the modified to achieve the desired results. It is also evident that, even though is confined to a small selected area and respondents, the results can be generalized as the sample drawn is unbiased and the conditions under which the Anganwadi Centres are working are similar allover Andhra Pradesh. The present study made an attempt to analyse such policies and programmes of both the Governments in three villages of Guntur District. As pointed out in the beginning chapters selected three villages have been purposively chosen as most of the programmes introduced by the Government are very much in vogue in them. This study was interesting as it has not only enlighted to researcher on the ground realties of the functioning of these programmes and revealed some major drawbacks that needs attention of policy-makers. These studies pertaining to the health of women and children are very limited in their number and more so in Andhra Pradesh. Most of the studies were done in general rather than analyzing any particular programme/programmes initiated by the Government for women and children. In this regard the present work is unique in its nature and quality.