The word nutrition comes from the Latin word ‘nutrire’ which means to breast feed or nurse (Davidson,1992). Nutrition is a cross cutting issue across all stages of life and pregnancy is the only physiological stage where the issue addresses two lives, one that of the expectant mother and the other that of the unborn child. There are actually three types of nutrition in public health for pregnancy. One type is the supplementary nutrition (Take Home Ration given by ICDS, Iron & Calcium tablets), the other is dietary (eating meals or snacks at home) and the third is the therapeutic nutrition (prescription of protein-based preparations by doctors) (NHM, 2020). The current study explores some of the crucial variables on dietary nutrition during pregnancy as part of the Ante Natal Care (ANC) status of RDWs. As intestinal parasites are linked to nutritional up take in the body, the current study also mentions about de-worming medicines for RDWs as part of the ANC components. The relevance of the study assumes significance as data on the details of dietary practices like frequency before and after pregnancy along with de-worming medicines as part of ANCs of recently delivered mothers are not available even in large scale surveys like National Family Health Survey 4 done in 2015-16. The current study also gives the reasons of not eating enough during pregnancy as told by RDWs of UP. A total of four districts of Uttar Pradesh were selected purposively for the study and the data collection was conducted in the villages of the respective districts with the help of a pre-tested structured interview schedule with both close-ended and open-ended questions. In addition, in-depth interviews were also conducted amongst the RDWs and a total 500 respondents had participated in the study. The results showed that in Gonda district, only 51% of RDWs and in Barabanki 67% of RDWs received deworming medicines but 96% in Banda and 93% in Saharanpur received deworming medicines. RDWs of Gonda and Saharanpur ate three times a day and very few RDWs ate four times a day among the four districts. In Barabanki district, all the RDWs ate the same number of times before and during pregnancy. Across the 4 districts, all the RDWs were not covered in disseminating the message of maternal nutrition and followed up to ensure compliance through home visits.
Tridibesh Tripathy, Uma Kant Prusty, Chintamani Nayak, Taran Singh Bedi, Shachi Bedi. Dietary practices of recently delivered women during pregnancy in Uttar Pradesh, India. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 5, Issue 3, 2020, Pages 08-11