Tribal development in Krishna District in Andhra Pradesh state
B Rajendra Prasad
Tribes in India are not a monolithic people. They have differences in terms of their historical background, socio-economic and cultural problems and level of advancement. As per the 2011 census of India total tribal population in India is10.42 crores and total tribal population in Andhra Pradesh is 59,18,073 Lakhs. Fuchs (1973) rightly says that even their subsequent history well up to the Aryan invasion is masked in insignificance. It is appropriate to say that India is a ‘Melting Pot’ of races and tribes considering the terrible nature, magnitude and complexity of the problem. It is really difficult task for the pre-historians and anthropologists to arrange the people and cultures of India in the chronological sequence of their appearance on this sub-continent. Some tribes may even have degenerated form a higher technological level due to adverse circumstances, it is now pretty clear that the aborigines of the Indian sub-continent do not form a uniform race entering India various directions and from various regions of Asia, they also belong to different races. It has not yet been possible to arrange the aboriginal tribes of India into definite racial groups. The question which still remain inadequately answered is- Why have the tribals been pressing for cultural, ethnic and linguistic revivalism? Articles 29 and 30 of the constitution of India declare that Cultural and Educational rights to all people in our country. According to that Tribal identity has been asserted for revival of tribal cultures, scripts and languages. In this paper the author would like to stress the sustenance of tribal culture and has been the key factor in other tribal movements.