A study to assess the effectiveness of foot reflexology on dysmenorrhoea among adolescent girls at a selected college
Padma Priya D, Jagadeeswari J, Resmy V
Though menstruation is normal, some women experienced dilemma during monthly period the cramping pain is symptom experienced by the girl during her menstruation which is known as dysmenorrhoea. A Pre experimental one group pretest and posttest research design with 30 adolescent girls aged between 17-21 years with moderate and severe dysmenorrhorea during their first day of menstruation was selected using non probability convenient sampling technique. Data was collected by using a modified numerical categorical pain scale along with self structured physiological and psychological symptoms questionnaire and the scoring was done. Foot reflexology was given for the duration of 20 minutes in 2 sessions per day for 3 days. On the third day, the post test was conducted. The overall pretest findings was, the majority of sample 97% had a severe pain and 3% had a moderate level of pain. In the posttest 80% had a mild level of pain and 20% had a moderate level of Pain. The mean score in pretest was 7.86 with the standard deviation of 0.91 and the mean score in posttest was 2.4 with the standard deviation of 1.11. The paired t- test revealed t=23.28 @ p=<0.001 level which indicated there is statistically significant difference. The findings revealed that there is a significant difference between the levels of dysmenorrhea among adolescent girls after reflexology. The study concluded that the foot reflexology brought change in the post test intensity pain level comparing with the pretest intensity pain level. The intervention was an effective management strategy to reduce the pain level of the adolescent girls with the dysmenorrhea.