Causes of unemployment in unplanned settlements: A Case Study of Kalikiliki compound in Lusaka District
Effie Moreblessing Mphande, Mwanabayeke Boyd, Maurice Moono
The purpose of this research was to investigate the causes of unemployment among residents of Kalikiliki Compound in Lusaka. The researcher adopted a descriptive survey design. The researcher used Purposive sampling with a sample of 75 respondents. Data was analysed using thematic approach. The data collection instruments involved interviews with the respondents and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs). The researcher employed methodological triangulation by using content analysis and interviews to increase confidence in the interpretation of the data. The study revealed that rapid population growth rate, increased rural-urban migration, low levels of education and inappropriate educational curriculum, seasonality in production and government reluctance in creating new jobs were major contributors to the increase of unemployment in Kalikilki compound were major causes of unemployment. Arising from the findings of the study, the following recommendation are made: The government must come up with deliberate policies to empower citizens in unplanned settlements such as Kalikiliki. Secondly, The government must deploy more police officers in Kalikiliki to protect resident especially during the night.