Ethnobotany and conservation perspective based on local wisdom in dayak taman tribe, west Kalimantan, Indonesia
Indah Nurcahyani, Sergius Daling, Iis Ismawati, Markus Iyus Supiandi
Dayak Taman tribe in Ingko’ Tambe Village, South Putussibau District, Kapuas Hulu Regency, West Kalimantan, Indonesia has traditional knowledge in utilizing plants. This is reflected in the daily lives of people in utilizing natural products (plants) to fulfill the needs of food, clothing, shelter, traditional rituals, natural dyes, beauty/body care, natural pesticides, ornamental plants, and aromatics. However, at present the traditional knowledge of the community is at risk of being lost due to shifting fields, illegal logging, the influence of foreign cultures, and knowledge of plants that have not been well documented. The purpose of this research is to find out the types of plants, parts used, uses, status of plants in nature and habitat of plants that have potential as food, clothing, shelter, traditional rituals, natural dyes, beauty/body care, natural pesticides, ornamental plants and aromatic. The approach used was descriptive qualitative.The research method used was a survey. The data sources in this research were obtained from the main informants, key informants, and recommendation informants. The main informants were determined by purposive sampling technique. While the determination of key informants and recommendations informants by snowball sampling technique. Collecting data is done by interviews and field observations. The data analysis used by calculating the percentage of families, percentage of plant parts used, percentage of habitat types, percentage of plant status in nature. The results showed that plants used by Dayak Taman tribes in Ingko' Tambe Village was 121 species from 46 families. The highest families were Zingiberaceae (7.43%) and Moraceae (7.43%). The most used part is fruit (45.45%). The plants that are used are found in the garden (35.53%). The status of plants in nature is cultivation with the highest percentage of 78.51%.
Indah Nurcahyani, Sergius Daling, Iis Ismawati, Markus Iyus Supiandi. Ethnobotany and conservation perspective based on local wisdom in dayak taman tribe, west Kalimantan, Indonesia. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 4, Issue 4, 2019, Pages 27-35