Contributions of personality and sociological factors to anorexia nervosa among students of University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Dr. Obioma-Onyenma Olive O
The study investigated the contributions of personality and sociological factors to anorexia nervosa behavior among students of university of Port Harcourt. The study adopted an ex post-factor design. Two research questions and two corresponding hypotheses guided the study. The population of this study consisted of males and females in first year at the University of Port Harcourt between ages 16 – 20 years. The researcher used purposive sampling technique and a sample of 296 students was used for this study (Males = 83, Females = 213). Two instruments were used for the study, namely the Sociological Assessment Scale (SAS) and the Eating Attitude Test (EAT-26). The face and content validities of the instruments were determined. The reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach alpha method which assesses the internal consistency of the items in the instrument. Multiple regression, mean, standard deviation, one-way analysis of variance and ANOVA associated with multiple regression were used for data analysis. Results obtained were that; neuroticism, extraversion and openness to experience significantly contribute to anorexia nervosa behavior among students socioeconomic status does not significantly influence students’ anorexia nervosa behavior. Based on the findings of the study, recommendations were made which are that; more attention should be given by parents and lecturers/teachers to the adolescents during this transitional period so as to educate them on the implications of anorexia nervosa behavior in every action they take; a unit for nutritionist and social workers should be created in the university and students should be mandated to visit these officers yearly to ascertain their fitness and receive support where and when necessary.