International Journal of Academic Research and Development

International Journal of Academic Research and Development


International Journal of Academic Research and Development
International Journal of Academic Research and Development
Vol. 4, Issue 2 (2019)

Tribal identity: A case of the tribal groups of Kerala India and Western Bahr el-Ghazal


Wurok Chan Malith

The paper painstakingly enunciates and surmounts with the challenges the tribal are floundering such as landlessness, the dearth of social services subsuming livelihood, education, housing, and health issues in the tribal areas. Disputes over land, forests, political rights, exploitation and lack of awareness amidst the tribal towards the implementation of their programs. However, owing to these arduous hurdles the tribal-led agitations which are expressions of their alienable rights over land as well as forest products. All these issues led to the formulation of the identity which is socially constructed owing to the challenges aforementioned. In Western Bahr EL- Ghazal, South Sudan the Fertit ethnic identity was socially constructed due to the political struggle over power-sharing amidst the elites and politicians as it has broached since the 1970s, the identity politics applied by the Sudanese governments, unequal distribution of resources and services, the conflict over land, the political unrest in the area, the apprehension of Fertit politicians and chiefs. The security situation in the State, the disputes over the facilities and housing in the town, the clashes between the pastoralists and farmers and lack of respect for the minor tribes. All these issues contribute to occasioning the current ethnic conflict in the area. But political issues which revolve around vying for power are the main catalysts igniting the conflict and transforming it into violence and atrocities.
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How to cite this article:
Wurok Chan Malith. Tribal identity: A case of the tribal groups of Kerala India and Western Bahr el-Ghazal. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 4, Issue 2, 2019, Pages 80-86
International Journal of Academic Research and Development International Journal of Academic Research and Development