Ethnic identity and political power: A case of the tribal groups of Kerala Wayanad India and tribal group of Western Bahr EL-Ghazal South Sudan
Wurok Chan Malith
The paper strenuously unpacks the issue of ethnic identity and political power of the tribal group of Kerala India and, Western Bahr El Ghazal, South Sudan. The ethnic identities in these two areas were politically and socially constructed owing to political and social, economic, resources` issues and the conflict over lands. The mechanisms of achieving power subsume elections, membership in the political party the majority of supporters, qualifications, and experiences. The main Socio-cultural characteristics and the process of identity formulation of tribes, the relationship between the process of identity formulation and the mechanisms of achieving power. The Individual`s property and the political power and the correlation between Individual property and political power. However, the tribal people in South Sudan owned the land, they are participating in politics, with a chance of participating in political institutions. While in Kerala the tribals are mostly landless, they are not actively participating in politics, tribal people are a disadvantaged group and they floundering many social problems. However, the challenges of the tribal include political rights. exploitation, land`s issues. The tribal boast belief system, norms, values, and cultural traits.