Legislative council in parliamentary democracy: A study of Karnataka
Aruna Kumari SK, Dr. RN Dinesh
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state in which the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held accountable to, the legislature (parliament); the executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected. In a parliamentary system, the head of state is normally a different person from the head of government. This is in contrast to a presidential system in a democracy, where the head of state often is also the head of government, and most importantly, the executive branch does not derive its democratic legitimacy from the legislature. This paper underlines the parliamentary democracy and related aspects in Indian political environment. Karnataka, formerly (until 1973) Mysore, state of India, located on the western coast of the subcontinent. On 1973 November 1, the name Mysore was changed to Karnataka. The state chooses the city of Bangalore as its capital and gave Kannada the status of administrative language. According to the 2011 census of India, the total population of Karnataka was 61,095,297. At 11:00 am on 18 June 1952, Wednesday, the first session of the legislative assembly was held at the old public office building conference hall (the present high court building) in Bangalore. On 16 December 1949 the maharaja of Mysore dissolved the representative assembly and the legislative assembly. The constituent assembly which was constituted in 1947 became the provisional assembly of Mysore until the elections were held in 1952. The Karnataka Legislative Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of Karnataka state in southern India. Karnataka is one of the seven states in India, where the state legislature is bicameral, comprising two houses. The two houses are the Vidhan Sabha (lower house) and the Vidhan Parishad (upper house). The members of the Vidhana Sabha are directly elected by people through adult franchise. There are 224 members of the Vidhana Sabha or the Legislative Assembly of Karnataka state. One member is a representative of the Anglo-Indian community nominated by the Governor of Karnataka. The state of Karnataka is divided into 224 constituencies used to elect the Legislative assembly members. The main purpose of the study is to evaluate the Opinion Polls, Exit polls and Election Result of the election held on 15th May 2018. The study emphasizes to find the relevance of Opinion polls and Exit Polls in the state assembly election of Karnataka. The study also evaluates the final result of assembly election of Karnataka state and correlates the final results with the Opinions polls and Exit polls.