The ethnic identity formulation a case of the Fertit groups in the former western Bahr EL-Ghazal
Wurok Chan Malith
The paper painstaking highlights the main issues pertaining to the formation of the Fertit Ethnic Identity in the former Western Bahr EL-Ghazal State. The main catalysts of ethnic identity subsume political struggle amidst the elites which was staunchly expressed as a domination margination, allocation resources, as well as lack of respect which could be dated back to the period of 1972. However, during the 1980s, contested issues were vying for power amidst the elites, economic issues, and security issues in the area. The conflict over land in Wau town and the surrounding areas between the local people and the government in some places in the area. Moreover,, there are some issues triggered the violence in the area in 1980s such as the re-division of the South into three subregions, the broke out of the civil war and the permeating of atrocities and subversion in the region and the successive Sudanese governments` policy of encouraging tribal militia as mechanism of defeating and encountering the rebellion in the South. Meanwhile, after the independence of South Sudan in 211 ethnic identities, es issues emerged owing to the political struggle over power and leadership amidst the elites, the security situation, the civil war which broke out in the country and its impact on the region. The transfer of Wau County outside the town and the its objection by the local community, the apprehension of politicians and elites of the Fertit, the misrepresentation, the seasonal migration of pastoralists to the area and the unrest political situation in the country all these issues led into ethnic violence which sparked the displacement of thousands of people from their homes and sought refuge in other areas.
Wurok Chan Malith. The ethnic identity formulation a case of the Fertit groups in the former western Bahr EL-Ghazal. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 3, Issue 6, 2018, Pages 270-275