Speech composition of Kana "Inai Abang Nguak" from Milman Parry and Albert B. Lord Perspectives
Sri Astuti, Yoseph Yapi Taum
Kana Inai Abang Nguak is one of the oral literary texts of Dayak Desa People that has a very unique composition structure. Kana is usually spoken for days so that when transliterated, kana is usually very long. The questions that arises are; how do the kana speakers learn, remember, tell, and bequeathkana to the next generation? This paper attempts to answer these questions. Theories of Milman Parry and Albert B. Lord are used to explain the creation of oral and inherited compositions. The results of this study conclude three things as follows. First, Kana Inai Abang Nguak is created with formulas and formulaic construction. The formula includes rhyme and repetition of sounds, epithets, and the use of three dominant styles of language, namely parables, metonyms, and parallelism. Second, Kana Inai Abang Nguak takes advantage of the groups of ideas or themes already provided by the conventions/traditions. This study found 38 themes used by speakers in telling kana Inai Abang Nguak. Third, the inheritance process of Kana Inai Abang Nguak does not involve formal education. A kana speaker utilizes formulas and formulaic expressions, and follows the generic kana structure.
Sri Astuti, Yoseph Yapi Taum. Speech composition of Kana "Inai Abang Nguak" from Milman Parry and Albert B. Lord Perspectives. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 3, Issue 6, 2018, Pages 12-17