International Journal of Academic Research and Development

International Journal of Academic Research and Development


International Journal of Academic Research and Development
International Journal of Academic Research and Development
Vol. 3, Issue 6 (2018)

Influence of inventory management practices on availability of medicines in public health facilities in Bungoma County, Kenya


Nicholas Barasa, Sherry Oluchina, Wilberforce Cholo

Medicines availability is important in provision of health care. Stock outs have however been evident for a long time particularly in public health facilities in many other developing countries. This research sought to determine the influence of inventory management practices on availability of medicines. Descriptive cross sectional research design was used. All the nine sub county hospitals were sampled and census method used to sample four staff from each of the sub counties: the sub county pharmacists, medical superintendents, procurement officers and health administrative officers (36 respondents). In addition, the head of procurement department in the county, the chief officer for health and sanitation and the county pharmacist were sampled, making a total of 39 respondents. Semi structured questionnaires; in-depth interview guides and a checklist were data collection tools. Analysis of data was done using descriptive statistics while Chi square was used as appropriate. Data was presented in tables. Qualitative data was categorized into specific themes and reported in narrative form together with quantitative presentation. The average number of medicines available in the whole county was 72.22 (63.35%) out of 114 medicines, with a range of between 48.25% and 78.95% The average out of stock days for the county was 51.30 days. Main inventory management challenges identified were lack of a county central store, lack of reliable inventory management system, inadequate pharmaceutical personnel and lack of up to date inventory management guidelines and SOPs. These were noted to have a negative influence on availability of medicines. FEFO method of issuing medicines reported to be popular by 62.5% of respondents compared to 37.5% for FIFO. A majority reported irregular ordering frequencies for medicines (78.1%). Kenya Medical Supplies Authority was said to be the main supplier of medicines by 93.8% of respondents as compared to local suppliers. Proximity to the health facility was a major factor considered in supplier selection and was ranked as important by 46.9% and as extremely important by 25% of all respondents.
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How to cite this article:
Nicholas Barasa, Sherry Oluchina, Wilberforce Cholo. Influence of inventory management practices on availability of medicines in public health facilities in Bungoma County, Kenya. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 3, Issue 6, 2018, Pages 53-60
International Journal of Academic Research and Development International Journal of Academic Research and Development