International Journal of Academic Research and Development

International Journal of Academic Research and Development


International Journal of Academic Research and Development
International Journal of Academic Research and Development
Vol. 3, Issue 5 (2018)

The role of strategic planning in the performance of public institutions in Tanzania case study of Tanzania national parks


Jesca A Ndosi, Dr. Samuel Obino Mokaya

Strategic planning is not a very old practice in the public sector especially in the developing countries. In Tanzania specifically, the government introduced strategic management in the 1990s after a considerable period of socio-economic reforms (which started in 1986). The purpose of the study was to determine the role of strategic planning in the performance of the public institutions in Tanzania with reference to the Tanzania National Parks (TANAPA). The study covered three variables as constructs of strategic planning; vision, mission and strategic objectives and their relationship with organizational performance. The study involved a sample of 60 respondents drawn from a target population of 171 employees of Tanzania National Parks Head Quarters. However, only 42, equivalent to 70% respondents filled and returned the questionnaire out of which 25 were males and 17 females. The study adopted a descripto-explanatory research design which facilitated a detailed description of the variables under study and an explanation of the relationships that exist between the independent and dependent variables. Data was collected through a survey questionnaire which was self-administered by the respondents at TANAPA offices. The collected data was analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Correlation analysis was conducted to determine the variable relationships. The study revealed that vision and mission had strong and positive correlation with performance at r =0.509, P = 0.047 and r=0.508, P=0.057 respectively. Strategic objectives positively correlate with performance at (r =0.819, p = 0.09). Mission and vision as important aspect of the organization have not been emphasized among the staff such that, others cannot state them fully however short the statements are. Strategic objectives are clearly set and go in line with the organization budgets to make sure nothing fails in its implementation. However, since these objectives play an important role in determining the level of performance in the organization, TANAPA reviews them whenever need arises to stay focused. Since government institutions are subjects of the central government, changes in the policies and laws of the country have a greater influence on their performance as such, the institutions must pay extra attention to what the government through the ministry of Tourism requires. The study recommends that, public institutions should involve more people in the preparation of the strategic plans, something which will improve engagement and hence, performance of individuals and finally corporate performance. Enough budgets to be assigned to public institutions so that they can carry out their purposes with ease and efficiency.
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How to cite this article:
Jesca A Ndosi, Dr. Samuel Obino Mokaya. The role of strategic planning in the performance of public institutions in Tanzania case study of Tanzania national parks. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 3, Issue 5, 2018, Pages 180-184
International Journal of Academic Research and Development International Journal of Academic Research and Development