Indira Gandhi canal project environment and changing scenario of western Rajasthan: A case Study
Ajaz Hussain, Mohammad Tayyab, Asif
In the Western part of Rajasthan state lies the extensive Thar Desert, which is covered in rolling dunes for almost its whole expense. The annual precipitation on an average in between 200 -300 mm. The Indira Gandhi Canal Project (IGCP) has been constructed in the North-Western part of the state of Rajasthan covering a part of Thar Desert districts i.e. Ganganagar, Churu, Hanaumangarh, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Barmer. It is a multidisciplinary irrigation cum area development project aiming to do desertify and transform desert waste land into agriculturally production area. The project objectives include drought proofing, providing drinking water, improvement in environment, afforestation, generating employment, rehabilitation, development and protection of animal wealth, greenification, increase of tillable land, road construction etc. The Indira Gandhi Canal has been transforming the Western part of Rajasthan lither to, covered with vast sand dunes into a land of grainary and greenery. Crops of wheat. Mustard, paddy, groundnuts, sugarcane and cotton etc. flourish with available canal irrigation where nothing but sand rules the root for the year. The main aim of the present work is to highlight how Indira Gandhi Canal Project become the boon for Western Rajasthan.