Role of nutritional supplementation in patients with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis
Dr. K Anuradha, Dr. KN Vara Lakshmi
Malnutrition is common among tuberculosis patients and is associated with mortality. Nutritional support is often recommended as part of the treatment. The objective of the study was to assess the effect of supplementation of nutrient rich diet (formulated diet) on microbiological and radiological recovery in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. Freshly detected tuberculosis patients (120) aged between 25-55 years matched for age and sex who have no past history of tuberculosis were selected for the study. The experimental group (n=60) received 100gms of ready to eat food supplement in addition to daily food intakes. The second group (n=60) was taken as control group. Both groups received the same anti-tuberculosis treatment recommended by World Health Organization. Clinical examinations and anthropometric measurements were carried out before and after the experimentation. A significant difference was not observed in body weight after the intervention between the control and experimental groups. Regarding body mass index a significant difference was observed after intervention. (p ≤ 0.05). The mean increase in body weight and body mass index was 4.75 kg and 2.02 kg/m2 in the experimental group after 2 months of supplementation. Sputum conversion and resolution of X-ray lesion area occurred earlier in the experimental group. Thus a nutrient rich diet improves the effect of tuberculosis medication and results in earlier sputum smear conversion.
Dr. K Anuradha, Dr. KN Vara Lakshmi. Role of nutritional supplementation in patients with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2018, Pages 296-300