International Journal of Academic Research and Development

International Journal of Academic Research and Development


International Journal of Academic Research and Development
International Journal of Academic Research and Development
Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2018)

Oral health of children in the selected anganwadi


Suresh Ray, Sandhya Thakur, Rincy Chacko, Priya Singh, Anjana Devi

The World Health Organization global strategy of promoting oral health have shown vast improvements in developed countries but the scenario is glum among underprivileged communities due to lacunae in implementation of these promotional programs. Oral disease is a major health problem worldwide, and in India there is very little research done in this field in recent times. This study was carried out to provide baseline information on the oral health status among Anganwadi school children. Methodology: A non-probability convenience sampling technique was used for the study. The content validity of the tool was done by the experts in the field of nursing. The tool consisted of demographical and oral assessment scale. Data analysis was done by using descriptive statistics. Results: 55% of children were having healthy lips, 43% of them were suffering from dry lips and 2% of children had ulcerated lips. 42% of the children were having healthy tongue, 55% children were having patchy tongue, 3% of them were having white coated tongue.34% children were having healthy gums and tissues, 63% were having swollen gums and ulcers, 3% were suffering from bleeding gums and ulcers.61% children were having less saliva,2% having patched tissues.13% were having healthy teeth,76% of them were having one to three broken teeth,11% of the children were having four or more broken teeth. No children were having dentures.11% children were having oral cleanliness,79% were having food particles/tartar in some parts of the mouth,10% were having plaque and severe oral malodae.16% of them had no dental pain,28% were having behavioural signs of pain,4% were having physical signs of pain. Conclusion: As per scoring most of children that is about 76% of children required preventive and routing treatment, about 22% children need prompt treatment. Only 2% of children were having good oral health. During assessment, it was found that the prevalence of dental carries is high, about 76% of children are suffering from dental carries and 11% are having severe condition. Next to dental carries 79% of children are having poor oral cleanliness and about 10% are having unhealthy oral health. As per scoring most of children that is about 76% of children required preventive and routing treatment, about 22% children need prompt treatment. Only 2% of children were having good oral health.
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How to cite this article:
Suresh Ray, Sandhya Thakur, Rincy Chacko, Priya Singh, Anjana Devi. Oral health of children in the selected anganwadi. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2018, Pages 1347-1350
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