India is a developing country. Yet, it needs to fill the socio-economic objectives with effective governance of the Govt. E-government applications have emerged rapidly in the developing world. Every sector of India have been impacted by e-governance.. Consequently, Govt. of India has launched the various initiatives of e-governance; providing all services electronically as much as possible for the citizens of India. In the last decades the government of India launched several projects in support of e-governance, like digital India, smart govt, e-seva, e-kranthi and etc. Every projects launched by the government of India to be benefitting the citizens to a greater extent. In spite of this process, yet, there are various hindrances and challenges regarding implementation of e-governance. In other words, these challenges seem to be obstacles to smooth functioning of e-governance. Namely, technical constraints, socio-economic, cultural, privacy, security concerns and etc. Even though, there are many constraints and challenges and Govt. has lot of faith on overcoming of hindrances and paving the way for success of e-governance. This paper describes about initiatives, evolution, challenges- issues and future prospects of e-governance in India.