Panchayati raj institutions and 73rd amendment act
Dr. Amrinder Kaur
The importance of rural development for India was felt since the beginning of planned era. India lived in its villages and pleaded for the distribution of power among rural masses in India. The supremacy of the people and the people’s democracy and sovereignty at the grass roots level, is vested in the Panchayati Raj Institutions. Panchayati Raj was a kind of commonwealth of reformed and reconstructed village communities. The object to be achieved was human happiness with full mental, moral and spiritual development. Gandhi ji wanted to establish such a society where every individual got maximum freedom and opportunity to develop his personality and character to the fullest extent. By imparting constitutional recognition to Panchayati Raj Institutions it was thought that these institutions, which hitherto remained ineffective, would become effective in the formulation and implementation of Public Policy at the grassroots level. It would strengthen the position of Panchayati Raj Institutions and enable them to shoulder the responsibility of running rural administration in an efficient and efficacious manner. The future of India depended upon the future of its villages.