Growth and cropping pattern of food crops: A case study of rice in Andhra Pradesh (food security for all)
Dr. K Madhubabu, K Sivaiah
Agriculture plays vital role in Andhra Pradesh. The changes that are accruing in this sector since the eighties are often causing great distress to the farmers. The declaration is caused mainly by the slow growth of crop yields. The yields of important crops like rice, groundnut, cotton and sugar cane are lower in the state compared to other states. Andhra Pradesh is pre dominantly an Agricultural economy as agriculture is the main source of livelihood for nearly 70 percent of the population. Therefore agriculture is the most vital and sensitive sector of the state. Agriculture in Andhra Pradesh, which was traditionally based on food crops accounting for 70 per cent of net sown area (NSA), witness considerable diversification in the cropping pattern since the 1980’s. The latest policy of the Government of India is “Food Security for all”. It is often said that India lives in two different worlds separated by countries. The reality of a globalised and industrialized India, endowed with a vast pool of world acclaimed entrepreneurs, computer save by mangers and / or professional, is as true as the bullock cart and the illiterate farmer. Agriculture is not only the provider of gainful employment and incomes to a vast majority of population, but it is also a safety net available to the realities and for those who do not have any other employable skills. But, it is alarming that agriculture seems to have been neglected in recent times which led to a deceleration of growth and sub-potential performance of agriculture. As India, at present juncture is making all her efforts to provide food security to her citizens and provide better and nutrition’s food has to be encouraged on a wider scale. Food security, therefore, has become the responsibility of modern state. Food security must necessarily be looked as an integrated issue. National securities is an important component of food security Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra face the Problem of food security and are in the category of “high food security”, a reflection of manifestation of the agrarian crisis. Though efforts are needed to raise productivity of any crop, excessive stress on rice crop needs to be reviewed in the back drop of huge buffer stocks being wasted due to improper storage and record exports of rice last year. Twice that value of edible oils is being imported. Policy makers may consider raising the production of edible oils and pulses which in fact need lesser irrigation. More support may be given to popularize minor millets that have more nutritional value. Broader policy initiatives may be undertaken to make availability of wide spectrum food grains in PDS programs. As a whole it can be concluded that the reason for showing significance of yield rates may be due to the quality seed but not due to the changes in any of other variables.
Dr. K Madhubabu, K Sivaiah. Growth and cropping pattern of food crops: A case study of rice in Andhra Pradesh (food security for all). International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2018, Pages 353-358