An evaluation of agricultural development process in rural Madhya Pradesh: A case study of Dikhatpura village in Chambal region (1961-2015)
The aim of this paper is to look at the role of state in agricultural development and its impact on different social groups at the household and village levels in Dikhatpura Village from1961 to 2015. The study evaluates the agricultural development plans and programmes of the government from the employment point of view, that how these programmes have assisted the different sections of the society? And who have most benefited from these plans and programmes and how? In order to investigate the answers of these questions, primary and secondary data are used. The primary data were obtained by using the house listing schedules, participant observations, focus group discussions, and individual interviews of all the section of the society by staying around seven months in the village. For the secondary data District Census Handbook, Primary Census Abstract and Village Survey Monographs of Dikhatpura are used. The study finds that at the beginning, some of the major agricultural developmental programmes and plans, such as Land Reform Act, Canal Construction, Green Revolution, KCCY and MNREGA have played a key role in agriculture development such as, absorbing the surplus agricultural and non-agricultural labours, commercialising agriculture and encouraging the capital accumulation. But in long run all these programmes and plans failed to provide the stable employment opportunities in the village due to lack of institutional and non-institutional supports, such as fragmentation of land, extensive use of agricultural technologies, growing cost of cultivation, changing consumption pattern, higher growth rate of population, rampant corruption, caste and wage discriminations and so on. Likewise all these factors limit the scope of employment in the agriculture sector.
Jeetendra Kumar. An evaluation of agricultural development process in rural Madhya Pradesh: A case study of Dikhatpura village in Chambal region (1961-2015). International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 2, Issue 6, 2017, Pages 1059-1067