International Journal of Academic Research and Development

International Journal of Academic Research and Development


International Journal of Academic Research and Development
International Journal of Academic Research and Development
Vol. 2, Issue 6 (2017)

Effect of testosterone in saliva among athletes


Dr. Thomas George CMI, Dr. Martin Babu Panackal, Nidhin CM

The present study was conducted to find out the effect of testosterone in saliva among the national level athletes. In order to reach the result of the study the saliva samples were collected simultaneously for a few days from the national level athletes (N=12), who hailed from the Sports Authority of India, Thalassery. Testosterone is the principal androgenic steroid produced by the testes. Whether of endogenous or exogenous origin, in males and in females, excess testosterone creates an advantage in sports (ACSM, 2006). Studies have shown that testosterone stimulates muscle mass (Storer et al., 2003) and reduces body fat (Bhasin et al., 2004). Athletes aim to maximize their performance through the anabolic effects of testosterone. Due to the dynamic regulation of endogenous testosterone production, including the acute effects of competition and exercise, testosterone concentrations may vary considerably within and among individuals. Generally, cardiovascular exercise and resistance training transiently increase testosterone concentrations in men (reviewed in Hackney [2001], Kraemer and Ratamess [2005]). Testosterone concentrations also vary both before and after competition in a systematic and consistent manner.
The participants were recommended to keep to their normal routine diet throughout the study to avoid dietary effects on the measured variables. The testosterone in the saliva of the participants was measured certain times. In the first day data was collected in the evening. Thereafter, twelve athletes who were selected for the study were asked to do warming up by themselves and then to run for 100 meters dash. The timing of the race by each athlete was recorded. Then the participants of the test were divided into three groups of four members. The first sample of saliva from all subjects was collected before the warming up of the participants in the second day. Then the first group was given a warm up for 15 minutes, the second group 30 minutes and the third group 45 minutes. Then their saliva was collected. Each group was asked to run for 100 meters and there after again their saliva was collected and continued for a few days. Samples were separated using centrifuge, numbered, and then stored at −80°C until used for analysis. When the whole samples were collected, they were brought to a medical lab to test the testosterone level. After getting the results of each saliva samples, they were compared with each other. The data were analyzed by using the statistical method of analysis of variance (ANOVA) and analysis of co-variance (ANCOVA).Whenever the ‘F’ ratio for the adjusted post test mean showed significance, the Scheffe’s test was applied as a post-hoc test to determine the paired mean differences. The level of significance was fixed at 0.05 levels. The result of the study reveals that there is a significant variation in the rising level of testosterone in athletes who have done 30 minutes duration of warming up before hundred meters dash than the other groups.
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How to cite this article:
Dr. Thomas George CMI, Dr. Martin Babu Panackal, Nidhin CM. Effect of testosterone in saliva among athletes. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 2, Issue 6, 2017, Pages 197-202
International Journal of Academic Research and Development International Journal of Academic Research and Development