The establishment of the rule of the Pala dynasty towards the middle of the 8th century A.D. was event of great significance in the history of India in general and of Bihar and Bengal in particular. In ancient times, the fortunes of Bengal had been closely linked up with Bihar, more particularly with Magdha.1 The end of the later Gupta’s had led to political anarchy in the land which was ended by the people themselves who assembled together and chose Gopala as their monarch. His son and successor Dharmapala and the latter’s son devapala were powerful rulers of the dynasty, who were also great patrons of art and architecture. Art and architecture which had recorded considerable progress under the imperial Gupta, continued flourishing till the end of the 12th century A.D. In spite of political vicissitude, the period witnessed the development of great Buddhist monasteries at Nalanda,2 Odantapuri, Vikramasila and sompura (Paharpur in Bangladesh) under the patronage of the Pala ruler’s. In para art, we have the image of goddess were made of stone, bronze and terracotta’s. The main centre of the Pala’s art were Nalanda, Kurkihara, Fatehpur (Ganga Distt) and Aluara. (Dhanbad Distt). Various other places brought to light from a sufficiently large number of icons of gods and goddess, which speaks highly of the artistic excellence.