International Journal of Academic Research and Development

International Journal of Academic Research and Development


International Journal of Academic Research and Development
International Journal of Academic Research and Development
Vol. 2, Issue 5 (2017)

Ambit of Freedom of speech in Indian media


Balaji C

Freedom of the press is the freedom of communication & expression through vehicles including various electronic media & published materials. While such freedom mostly implies the absence of interference from an overreaching state, its preservation may be sought through constitutional or other protection. The Indian Press has a long history right from the times of British rule in the country. The British Government enacted a number of legislations to control the press, like the Indian Press Act, 1910, then in 1931-32 the Indian Press (Emergency) Act etc. During the Second World War (1939-45), the executive exercised exhaustive powers under the Defence of India Act & enforced censorship on press. At the same time the publication of all news relating to the Congress activities declared illegal. In the Post-Constitutional Era, there is a change in the outlook. The Constitution of India in Article 19(1) (a) lays down that “All citizens shall have the right, to freedom of speech & expression.” Unlike, the U.S. Constitution, the Indian Constitution does not expressly provide freedom of press. However, it is now well settled that the words “speech & expression” in Article 19(1) (a) includes freedom of press also. The freedom of press means freedom from interference from authority which would have the effect of interference with the content & circulation of newspapers. The Article 19(1) (a) of the Constitution is subject to certain restrictions laid down in Article 19(2) of the Constitution.
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How to cite this article:
Balaji C. Ambit of Freedom of speech in Indian media. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 2, Issue 5, 2017, Pages 533-536
International Journal of Academic Research and Development International Journal of Academic Research and Development