Process and pattern of labour migration in India: The law and judiciary
The present phase of development of capitalism has four major dimensions, viz. liberalization, privatization, globalization and marketization. In an increasingly globalized and shrinking world, migration of human beings is becoming more and more common. Migration is a major demographic process that has been an integral and salient feature of human history since time immemorial. It has been an important means by which human civilization has spread out, enriching cultures, disseminating ideas and generating social, political and economic changes at the places of origin and of destination. Despite of several acts and regulations, the atrocities and exploitation against migrant labourers are becoming unavoidable because there is a wide gap in the existing legal and policy framework and practical approaches for protecting the welfare of the migrant workers. This present paper is an attempt to understand the emerging migration patterns in India and issues underlying with it. The paper also discuss about labour rights and standards in respect of migrant labour in India. It also tries to highlight the role of Judiciary in order to protect the rights of the migrant workers who are more vulnerable to the violation of their rights than any other distressed section of society.