Socio-economic status of schedule tribes in Andhra Pradesh: An analysis in Kadapa district
M Nageswara Naik, G Savaraiah
The Constitution of India does not define Scheduled Tribes as such; the Article 366(25) refers to scheduled tribes as those communities who are scheduled in accordance with Article 342 of the Constitution. According to Article 342 of the Constitution, the Scheduled Tribes are the tribes or tribal communities or part of or groups within these tribes and tribal communities which have been declared as such by the President through a public notification. In India there are 427 main tribal communities living. The India ranks the second in having the tribal concentration in the world next only to Africa. It is estimated that the predominant tribal areas comprise about 15 per cent of the total geographical area of the country. The tribes are mostly concentrated in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Odessa and West Bengal. The tribes when compared to other community people are facing major problems. Hence, the development of these scheduled tribes is inevitable and it is necessary to improve them in all arenas of socio-economic features, this is lacking in the many parts of countries development, where many developmental programmes have been launched and progressed but still this attention has not been paid. Hence, this paper makes an attempt to analyze the socio-economic conditions and sources of income and other aspects of scheduled tribes in Kadapa District of Andhra Pradesh. A Multi-stage random sampling technique was employed to study the objective. The variables taken in to consideration to explain the socio-economic status were namely like gender, age, educational level, marital status, type of houses, livestock position, cropping pattern, land particulars, levels of income, expenditures and sources of debt are examined.
M Nageswara Naik, G Savaraiah. Socio-economic status of schedule tribes in Andhra Pradesh: An analysis in Kadapa district. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 2, Issue 4, 2017, Pages 396-400