International Journal of Academic Research and Development

International Journal of Academic Research and Development


International Journal of Academic Research and Development
International Journal of Academic Research and Development
Vol. 2, Issue 4 (2017)

Reduction of environmental impact of products through Hotspot analysis in LCA


Khagendra Suresh Sarode, Dr. Uzma Qureshi

Since past decade, substantial efforts have been made against the depletion of global natural resources by designing and developing sustainable products and energy saving policies. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is an efficient tool, to determine the product sustainability and an also analyze the environmental impacts over the entire life cycle of a product. LCA also tells us how much environmental affect occurs during the various stages of product such as cradle-to-grave and gate-to-gate. Main purpose of this study is to find out the hotspots in LCA analysis and help industries to identify the scope for easy improvements. The practical importance of this study is to reduce the product carbon footprint, consumption of raw materials, energy, reduce wastage of materials, and increase economic benefit. In this study, we consider a product such as Bathroom tab, a, manufactured by three different companies. We compute the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions with the help of LCA for each stages of the product that is, raw material extraction, production, transportation to consumption (end of life), reuse, and recycling. In the proposed methodology, some Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) data is collected from companies and remaining analysis is carried out with available LCA databases. Next, we find the lowest possible emission value of each life cycle stages by comparing each stage of all the products manufactured by the four companies. Additionally we also find the values of the average GHGs, economical cost and profit for the same stage. Later we compare these average values with that of the design of a new bathroom tabs and find out the hot spots for improvements. Once hot spots are found, the companies can focus on these only for easy reduction of GHGs. We also present an application of this methodology. In recent years, the growing concerns for ecological and climate change, together with concerns of poverty, increasing inequality among the public and the pressures brought by social inequalities, have positioned sustainable development under the spotlight. Nationwide and global institutions, policy makers and cross-country initiatives as well as consultants and researchers have increased the attention given to social and environmental sustainability globally.
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How to cite this article:
Khagendra Suresh Sarode, Dr. Uzma Qureshi. Reduction of environmental impact of products through Hotspot analysis in LCA. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 2, Issue 4, 2017, Pages 20-22
International Journal of Academic Research and Development International Journal of Academic Research and Development