Health problems perceived by dual earner couples due to high role strain by multiple roles
Sameshta, Dr. Sunita Agarwal
In the dual earner families, where both husband and wife are earning, a different situation emerges. Dual earner couples have multiple roles i.e. paid work outside the home and unpaid labor inside the home. But the question is, are multiple roles good for health? The role strain theory suggests that the pressures and the demands of juggling multiple roles may exhaust individual’s personal resources, damaging their physical and mental health. Thus keeping the above facts in mind the present study was conducted with following objective: To find out the relationship between role strain and perceived health problems among dual earner couples. The present study was carried out in Jaipur city of Rajasthan state. Total 200 dual earner couples (200 husbands + 200 wives = 400 respondents) were selected for study. In this study descriptive cross-sectional study with survey method was employed. Data were analyzed using SPSS 16.0. Bivariate analysis and Pearson Correlation Coefficient was used for assessing the relationship between aforesaid variables. The result shows that the correlation value between overall role strain and overall health problems was 0.164 among husbands and 0.315 among wives. The value obtained was significant at 0.05 and 0.01 level respectively. This clarifies that as the overall role strain increases the health problems also increases among both groups. Due to high role distress (aspect of role strain) wives perceived nine health problems i.e. upset, sad, irritation, anxiety, losing temper, tension, headache, tiredness and depression and husbands perceived four health problems i.e. upset, losing temper, tension and depression. It was also observed that as role enhancement increases the health problems decreases among females.
Sameshta, Dr. Sunita Agarwal. Health problems perceived by dual earner couples due to high role strain by multiple roles. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, Volume 1, Issue 9, 2016, Pages 50-54