There had been extensive research work published on neighbourhood crime and the need to wipe out crime, at least, within the residential neighbourhood for the purpose of achieving environmental sustainability but the worrisome fact is its unabated trend. This article attempts to concisely but critically dwell on identifying the various neighbourhood crime prevention initiatives and concepts through review of related literature. The study reveals that most nations, especially developing economies of the world believe majorly in the penal system as their major neighbourhood crime prevention initiative more than situational crime prevention and consideration of social factors. These traditional approaches, many researchers, have found to be grossly inadequate. Hence, the article recommends that since the limitations of the penal system seem insurmountable, the option of the crime prevention through environmental design and social development should be supported by the government, researchers and policy makers. More research on the implementation of the concepts of crime prevention through environmental design and social development should be encouraged.