Impact of sport motivation on athletes sports participation at the 24th Ghana Universities sports association, Winneba
Omoregie Philip Osamende
Motivation in sport is widely accepted as an essential and basic prerequisite in getting athletes to fulfil their potential. This study investigated impact of sport motivation on athletes sports participation at the 24th Ghana Universities Sports Association held in Winneba. The study employed a descriptive survey method. Fifty athletes of 39 male and 11 female were randomly sampled from six sports out of the ten sports of the tournament participated. A revised six factors Sport Motivation Scale (SMS-6) of twenty-four items 5-points likert-scale was administered on the respondents to elicit their perceived impact of sport motivation on their sports participation. The instrument yielded a reliability of 0.78 using Cronbach alpha for the internal consistency. Two hypotheses was tested, with Chi-square (X2) and independent t-test used to test the hypotheses set at 0.05 significant level. Result shows that amotivation (X2 = 28.96); external regulation (X2 = 20.40) and identified regulation (X2 = 28.40) was statistically significant to athletes sports participation, while introjected regulation, integrated regulation and intrinsic motivation was not statistically significant to athletes sports participation. Thus, assessing differences between the groups the result shows that there was no statistically significant difference in the sport motivation scores for males and females. Hence, motivation is the foundation of all athletic effort and accomplishment. It is recommended that the sports administrators/school authorities, coaches and stakeholders should be educated on the different types of motivational approaches in order to help in sports participation and improve athlete’s performance.