Seroprevalence of Toxoplasm gondii among pregnant women attending health centres at Soba area, Khartoum/Sudan
Nihal Yassein, Elham Ahmed
Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease which has a worldwide distribution. The infection may be acquired or congenitally transmitted to the foetus, where it causes severe birth outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of Toxoplasma gondii among pregnant women attending different health centres for routine pregnancy laboratory investigations in Soba area, Khartoum state, and to assess the risk factors associated with the infection. 65 participants were enrolled in this investigation. Sera samples were tested using Elisa technique for detection of anti T. gondii antibodies (IgG and IgM).Evaluation of risk factors and its relation to infection and collection of sociodemographic data were accomplished by designing a questionnaire. The seroprevalence of anti T.gondii antibodies (IgG, IgM) were 33.8% (22/65).The results showed that 19(29%) of the participants were IgG +ve, while3 (4.6%) were found IgM +ve for Toxoplasma specific antibodies. The age groups of the participants ranged between (16 - 40) years.