Adult literacy rates of Males and Females in India: A comparative study
The researcher in this researcher paper compares the situation of literacy rates among adults before and after independent India. The research paper concludes that the literacy rates in various censuses from 1901 onward show an increase trend in both males and females. The rates were very low till 1931 but there was a sudden jump in 1941 from 9.25 percent to 16.1 percent, however, it remained almost stationary at 16.45 percent in 1951. This may be due to the fact that earlier figures were for undivided India and secondly, after the partition of the country into India and Pakistan in 1947, almost eight million people came to the Indian Union from newly created Pakistan and around six to seven million Muslims went from India. Thus, it is almost impossible to assign reasons for the observed figures. There has been a monotonous increase of 5 to 8 percent in the literacy rates after 1951, it becoming 13.69 percent in the 1991-2001 decade and 7.76 percent in 2001-2011 decade. The literacy rate has become more than three times during the past half-a-century and there is growth in population per census from 1901-2011.