Impacts of autism spectrum disorder on child’s learning
Ntu N Nkomo, Abo B Otu, Igri I Uket
The paper discussed the impacts of autism spectrum disorder on child’s learning. Autism spectrum disorder is characterized majorly by deficits in social interaction and communication and by abnormalities behaviors and activities. It involves persistent challenges in social interactions, speech and non-verbal communication, and restricted or repetitive behavior. The paper highlighted the causes of autism spectrum disorder as genetic mutations, fragile X syndrome and other genetic disorders, having a sibling with autism spectrum disorder, very low birth weight, fetal exposure to the medications valproic acid or thalidomide, exposure to heavy metals and environmental toxins. Types of autism spectrum disorder were also discussed as asperger’s syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder, autistic disorder and children integrated disorder. The paper identified some immediate symptoms of autism spectrum disorder as social skills difficulties, communication problems, unusual interest and behaviors. The impacts of autism spectrum disorder on child’s learning formed the crux of this paper thus: narrow focus on information, language, development, poor non-verbal skills and narrow interest in vast learning. The paper recommend the panacea for autism spectrum problems as; applied behavior analysis, cognitive behavioral therapy, social skill training, medication and sensory integration therapy, it was concluded that autism spectrum disorder posses a great challenge to learning.