Global Environmental Governance and the North-South Dimension: Regime formation on Hazardous Waste Trade
The North-South dimension is the central political context of global environmental politics. It is embedded in all the issue areas of global environment. The regime formation for global environmental governance on environmental issues brings to the fore the North-South conflict. There are multiple actors which influence the substantive outcomes of negotiations for regime formation. In the case of regime formation on Trade in Hazardous Wastes, states, coalition of states, environmental social movements, and business interests influenced the outcomes at different stages of the negotiations. In the first phase of diplomacy for regime formation lasting until 1992, the Northern countries dominated the negotiations and were able to protect their interests in the Basel Convention. In the second phase of diplomacy beginning in 1992, the Southern countries were able to influence the negotiations which led to reversal of the policies of the Northern countries. In this process, the cohesiveness of the Third World coalition (NAM and Group of 77) and the support that it received from the environmental groups played an important role.