A study to assess the prevalence of Sarcopenia among old aged people residing in Villupuram district
Tamilselvi S, Babitha T
Introduction: Sarcopenia was originally defined as an excessive loss of muscle mass that is associated with aging. It leads to a decline in muscle strength and power. Scientists from the University’s Medical Research Council Life source Epidemiology Unit (MRC LEU) examined the relationship between grip strength, and walking speed decade later and the prevention of weak muscle strength was higher in women aged 80 and over when compared with men of the same age. According to The Sports Journal, it has been found that approximately 0.5% to 1.0% muscle mass is lost every year after the age of 60. This loss of muscle mass is reported as 4.7% decrease in men and 3.7% decrease in women per decade. Objectives: The main objective of the study is to assess the prevalence of sarcopenia among elderly people in Villupuram District. Methodology: There are 1984 people residing in the Gingee Town. In the total population, 867 people are above the age of 60 who are Target Population and 212 people (above the age of 65) are Accessible to the study. The sample size of 200 was recruited in probability convenient sampling technique; descriptive study was used with a structured SRAC-F questions. Results: The result of the study was 85(42.5%) members are Sarcopenic 67(33.5%) members are risk for Sarcopenia and 48(24%) members are non Sarcopenic. Preliminary results from International Osteoporosis Foundation 2016 assessed the prevalence in Asia finding that the number of individuals with Sarcopenia will rise by 63.8 percent in 2045. In India, the prevention of Sarcopenia is found around 15% in males and 20% in females among elderly populations Therefore the study level suggested, it is important create awareness on adherence to sarcopenic state to community setup so as to prevent the morbidity and mortality rate especially to Sarcopenia.