Performance and outcomes of the person with disability act 1996: A state-wise analysis on policy perspective
Dr. Vinod Kumar, Surendra Kumar
“New information and communications technologies can improve the quality of life for people with disabilities, but only if such technologies are designed from the beginning so that everyone can use them. Given the explosive growth in the use of the World Wide Web for publishing, electronic commerce, lifelong learning and the delivery of government services, it is vital that the Web be accessible to everyone.” – Bill Clinton In India, differently-abled populations are considered marginalized, neglected, and sympathizers throughout centuries. This community contains more than 2.19 % of the total population of the country. But after the Liberalization, Privatization, Globalization, and Technological Development in India, government have taken various action to empower this community whereas convention on Disabilities in the Asian and Pacific Region, the Meeting to Launch the Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons 1993-2002, convened by the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific held at Beijing on 1st to 5th, December, 1992, adopted the Proclamation on the Full Participation and Equality of people with, Disabilities in the Asian and Pacific Region; in which India was a signatory to the said Proclamation. So it is considered necessary to implement to Proclamation aforesaid. On behalf of this promise to provide proper facility and empowerment of the community to the differently-abled population of Indian government passed a “The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection Of Rights And Full Participation) Act, 1995”. An Act to give effect to the Proclamation on the Full Participation and Equality of the people with, Action Plan and Initiatives of the Person With Disability Act and some provisions through the sections of Act like State Coordination Committee, State Executive Committee, States have some activities regarding Education, Job identified, Education Reservation, Poverty Alleviation, Incentive Scheme, Preferential Land Allotment, Barrier Free Environment, Appointment of competent Authorities, Appointment of Commissioner, Insurance Unemployment Allowance/ Disability Pension. So, this paper focused on the policy perspective of the section-wise provisions of the act which should be fulfilled with the fastest initiatives and also try to identify all the loopholes in the implementation process in states of India.