A study to assess the effectiveness of pain management strategies among neonates admitted in NICU
Varalakshmi E, Rakshana M
Introduction: A neonate is also called a newborn. The neonatal period is the first 4 weeks of a child's life. It is a time when changes are very rapid. Many critical events can occur in this period. Neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICU) are exposed to a high number of painful procedures. Medical professional team members are the responsible for pain management among the neonates. Breastfeeding, also known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman’s breast. Breastfeeding has a number benefits to both mother and baby. It is one of the pain management for the neonates and tucking also. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of pain management strategies among neonates admitted in NICU. Method: A prospective analytical study was used selected to assess the effectiveness of pain management strategies among neonates admitted in NICU at Thiruvallur GH conducted among 80 samples in one group pre intervention and post intervention research design who met the inclusion criteria. A convenient sampling technique was used to select the samples. Data were collected by using Neonatal Infant Pain Scale among each samples from pre intervention and post intervention. Interventions were given to the neonates were breastfeeding and tucking before the time of procedure. Results: The finding revealed that mean value of pre intervention was 6.33 and standard deviation was 0.71 and mean value of post intervention was 3.56 and standard deviation was 0.39. The post intervention “t” value was 8.95 which is found to significant at P<0.05. So the breastfeeding and tucking was effective on pain among neonates. Conclusion: Breastfeeding and tucking was effective non-pharmacological interventional among neonates pain during painful procedures.