International Journal of Academic Research and Development

International Journal of Academic Research and Development


International Journal of Academic Research and Development
Vol. 4, Issue 5 (2019)

Development of secondary metabolite compounds in kirinyuh (Chromolaena odorata) as Organic Pesticides and Fitohormones for Flowers and Vegetables


Rachmat S Santoso, Meytij J Rampe, Henny L Rampe

This study aims to analyze the pesticide compounds and growth stimulants (phytohormone) from the leaves of the leaves (Chromolaena Odorata) carried out in the Tomohon City Garden and NMR analysis at Gajah Mada University, Yogyakarta. The data were analyzed by anova by treatment of mustard weight, middle leaf width, leaf length and stem length, stem length and number of strands. The concentration of Kirinyuh extract that was used proved that the mortality rate of the caterpillar (Agrotis ipsilon) showed a comparable mortality rate with an increase in concentration of 5, 10, and 15%, but the best fertility and vegetable growth at a concentration of 10% and post-harvest effect can be accelerated in other words, the essential extract has a dual function as a pesticide and phytohormone. It is thought that the compounds contained in the leaves of Kiriruh fraksiethyl acetate analyzed using GCMS were obtained by 28 compounds and 4 (four) which had the most dominant area including number 4.9, 12 and 17 were suspected to be 1-octadekana, 1-Heptadekana, 1-Nonadekana and 1-2 benzene acid in carboxylic.
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