Reservation system in India vis-à-vis right to equality: A critical study
Roopangshu Banerjee, Punam Kumari Bhagat
India is a country of various castes, creed, religion, langauges etc. where different people of different langauges follow different religion and speaks different langauges in the context of that ‘unity in diversity’ term has been given to it. But no such unity is being seen when it comes about the caste system in India among Hindus divided between Brahmins, Kshatriya, Vaishyas, and Shudras. Outside the Hindu cast system Schedule caste and Schedule tribes are those who are socially backward class people for whom the reservation system was made to protect their rights and provide them proper education jobs etc. so that they could live a proper life. After the constitution was made reservation was given for a period of 10 years so that the backward class could not remain that backward. But today even after the 70 years of Independence the reservation system continues not as policy but as vote bank politics by the politician. The explicit purpose of the reservation policy was and is to promote social, economic, and political equality for Scheduled caste, tribal peoples, and other lower castes peoples, (i.e. OBCs (Other Backward Communities) through positive or compensatory discrimination. By this policy, the leaders of independent India declared their determination to eradicate inequalities. The Indian government has appointment various commissions for measurement quota system. This research paper will put a light on the impact of reservation on non SC ST candidate. This paper will research that whether all the SC ST candidates are in condition to take reservation without it they cannot live a proper social life and also put a light on the argument that reservation should not caste based reservation but a economic based reservation. This study the researcher collected secondary data from different Journals, books, etc and give the details on references.