Ethnobotany of plant food in Dayak tamambaloh community, west Kalimantan, Indonesia
Natalia Rike, Serafin Tanti Nita, Cornelius Sungkalang
Dayak Tamambaloh community has a customary land which is rich in biodiversity; one of them is plant food. Dayak Tamambaloh community has local wisdom in civilization. Their local wisdom is reflected on how they utilize local plants to meet their daily food needs. Therefore, the study of ethnobotany of plant food in Dayak Tamambaloh community needs to be done. This study aims to identify the diversity of plant food, plant parts used and the habitat of plant food that exist in customary land in Dayak Tamambaloh community. The research was conducted in Labian Ira'ang Village, Batang Lupar District, Kapuas Hulu Regency, West Kalimantan. Ethnobotany data was collected using interviews and field observations. Respondents in the interview activity were determined using the snowball sampling method. The number of respondents is 20 people who have an understanding about food plants. Data is analyzed by calculating the percentage of its family, the percentage of exploited part and the percentage of its habitat type. There are 95 species of plant of 44 families. The largest number of families is Zingiberaceae of 8.42%. The most widely used parts of plant are fruit of 71.58%. The most common habitat type of plant food is forests of 46.31%.