Influence of dietary intake and energy expenditure on nutritional status of sports students: A comparative study
Sindhu JM, Archana Prabhat
Introduction: Sports help in overall development, providing ample of relaxation and recreation to human body in a healthy way. Sports nutrition tremendously improves body composition and nutritional status which invariably increases speed, quickness, mobility and strength, it will also aid in fast recovery, which increases practice and competition as body becomes more fit and adjust to the good nutrition. Sports diet will also boost immunity, which will allow one to stay healthy, able to continue and intensify practice and training. Objective: To study the dietary practices, energy expenditure and their influence on nutritional status of selected subjects. Methodology: This is the cross-sectional study carried on sports students residing in Alva’s hostel, Moodbidri by selecting equal number of males and females (n = 30each). Data regarding demographic details, pertaining to sports and daily dietary practices, sports profile were collected using questionnaire. Anthropometric assessment, biochemical assessment (Hemoglobin level) was done to know about nutritional status. Energy expenditure was calculated using MET values. Macro and micro nutrient intake was calculated using seven days diet history. Result: The results showed majority of selected male subjects were overweight and had WHR more than normal this may due to high intake of fat than the recommended intake, whereas majority of females were underweight and anemic, this may due to less intake of energy, carbohydrates, protein and iron than the recommended intake and negative energy balance. Dietary practices related to sports revealed that majority of selected subjects are lack in knowledge about sports nutrition. Conclusion: Need to decrease fat intake and to increases protein, fruits and vegetables intake as well as need to give nutrition education to overcome poor nutritional status.