Pastoralists versus farmers clashes of two economics the case of western Bahr El Ghazal, South Sudan
Wurok Chan Malith
The paper endeavors to rigorously highlight the catalysts of the conflict between pastoralists and agriculturalists which enmeshes shortages of natural resources such as water pasture for the animal that depends on the balance of the ecosystem. However, in the last four decades, the equilibrium was affected and afflicted damages to areas inhabited by pastoralist’s communities. Also, unstainable used of land and overgrazing are affecting the ecology of these areas which let communities to leave their lands and move to other areas. Additionally, overexploitation of natural resources negates or tarnishes the systems on which human life depends. Land grabbing by emigrants and new settlers, and It is worsened by seasonal migration of pastoralists from neighboring states and their subversion of host communities` farms and, empathic political unrest in South Sudan led into gruesome conflict in the area with a displacement of thousands of people. However, the paper is an attempt to unpack the bones of contention among pastoralists and farmers and the nexus and implications of this conflict for political unrest in the region. The data of article is based on the analysis of the data collected through interviews and questionnaires which were carried in Wau town, Western Bahr El Ghazal, South Sudan. Primary sources collected through in-depth interviews with key informants in the field. The statistic tools which have been applied in the data analysis are EDUSTAT and SPSS.