Understanding the status of literacy and education in Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh
Suman Lata, Dr. Aparna Joshi
Literacy and level of education in any society are considered as one of the important indicators of development. High level of literacy ensures better understanding of socio-cultural, political and economic environment by the population, thus, ensuring appropriate response to the same. Himachal Pradesh, a hilly state of north India, ranks 11th in the country with total literacy rate of 82.80 per cent. However, at district level variations can be seen not only in terms of total literacy rates but also in terms of sex-wise literacy and their differential. Within the progressive state of Himachal Pradesh, Chamba district is placed at the bottom in literacy. This paper attempts to understand the status of Chamba district with respect to literacy rates and education facilities as per 2011 census. The present paper completely based on secondary data obtained from General Population Tables of various census years and Statistical Abstract of Himachal Pradesh, 2015-16. The study revealed that Chamba district had the lowest total literacy rate, male literacy rate and female literacy rate in the entire state. Chamba district can be designated as a “Less Performing District within a Performing State” with respect to literacy and education.