Vol. 3, Issue 3 (2018)
Swami Vivekananda’s practical Vedanta: Ideas and thoughts
Author(s): Chinnabai Ramulu
Abstract: Swami Vivekananda was an Indian Philosopher of Modern Times. He introduced Indian Philosophy of Vedanta and Yoga in the Western world. He was a major force in the reformation of Hindu religion in India. He began his search for God by following scientific approach, in the process of his quest, he met mystic Ramakrishna Paramhamsa and became a great spiritualist of Neo-Vedanta. He laid philosophical foundations for Hindu cultural reformation and Indian society utilizing Advaita logic. His success lies in drawing social philosophy from the thoughts of Advaita Vedanta which paved the way for the social reforms in India. He represented Neo-Vedanta linked with transcendentalism new thought, theosophy. He introduced four yoga’s model, which made him practical Vedantin to realize the divine force within every human being. He successfully amalgamated Western materialism with Indian spiritualism. He encouraged the practice of Advaita Vedanta in people's daily life linked with society, he preached spiritual stage through humanistic stage, and in this process he denied the evil practices by Indian priest class, Prince Class and trade class and sensitively responded towards the poverty and wretched conditions of working class (the Shudras). He hated the practice of untouchability and laid solid foundation for nationalism. He explored Indian philosophy and drew ethical Systems on the basis of Advaita Vedanta, offering solution for the salvation of humankind. He recognized the energy of individual human as a form of divinity and built a tremendous positive psychology for humankind. He applied philosophy of Advaita Vedanta to build humanity and spirituality. It all reflected his practical Vedanta idealism. Thus Vivekananda acted as a great philosopher of Advaita Vedanta and social reformer in colonial India. This article gives the views of Swami Vivekananda on Vedanta.
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