Sustainable development of tourism in Uttarakhand, (India)
This paper focuses on the sustainable development of tourism in Uttarakhand. Uttarakhand is a state in the Northern Himalayan Region in India and it has been a hot spot of tourism due to its magnificently diverse landscapes, high biodiversity, enough religious tourist potential and rich cultural heritages, which has also generated a good source of income and employment to youths and rural masses. Uttaranchal Himalaya is known for its natural beauty and pilgrims have been attracted to the region for many centuries. The presence of pilgrimages as four dhams is the major attraction for the pilgrims. Tourism is one of the biggest and fastest-growing economic sectors in the global economy and has significant environmental, cultural, social, and economic effects, both positive and negative. Tourism has been noted as the world’s largest and fastest growing industry. The main objectives of the study are the formation of tourist circuits, to find out the problems and suggest a suitable plan for sustainable tourism development in Uttarakhand. This form of sustainable tourism, oriented towards the viability of tourism industry, is referred to as the ‘economic sustainability of tourism’ or ‘tourism imperative’. Sustainable tourism can be taken in four different interpretations that include economic sustainability of tourism, the ecologically sustainable tourism, sustainable tourism development with both focus of environment as well as long term feasibility of the industry and finally tourism as a part of a strategy for sustainable development. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to adopt integrated approach and establishment of new plans for the sustainable development of tourism in Uttarakhand. And finally to synthesis all the findings and give feasible suggestions and recommendations for further development of tourism in this region.