Students' multiple intelligences empowering to solve the problem through plasma cluster strategy
Markus Iyus Supiandi, Siti Zubaidah, Sri Endah Indriwati
The empowerment of each student multiple intelligences in the 21st century is indispensable in the learning process. It is very useful to explore students’ ability in problem solving that using their intelligence. The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of plasma clusterstrategy based on multiple intelligences to empower student’s problem-solving skills. The study design was quasi experiment performed using nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group design. Two groups of samples formed were student grade XI Biology class 1 as the experimental class (using plasma cluster strategy based on multiple intelligences), and student of Biology class 2 as the control class (using conventional strategy). The instrument used was the observation of implementation learning sheet, problem-solving abilities instrument and multiple intelligences questionnaire used to identify the dominant intelligence on each student. Data was collected through a pretest and posttest. Data analysis was performed with descriptive analysis, while anacova test was performed in order to test the hypothesis; further the test of Least Significant Difference (LSD) is performed. Findings of the research showed that the learning of Plasma Cluster multiple intelligences based is influences on the ability to solve problems. Meanwhile, there is an increased ability to solve the problem of students being treated with strategy ofPlasma Cluster based multiple intelligences by 41.79% higher than the conventional strategy by 18.46%. Related to this conclusion, the researcher suggests that teachers would use Plasma Cluster with multiple intelligences based consistently because it has proven successful to improve students’ problem-solving skills.